What is the Entourage effect?
You may have heard this term in relation to CBD and the cannabis plant as a whole.
When we smoke or vaporize CBD, our bodies absorb a wide array of botanical compounds.
Each compound passes into our bodies with different effects and benefits.
The biological behaviour of these compounds may alter when they mix with other compounds. This is called ‘the entourage effect’.
Alike humans, who alter moods depending on environments, the compounds found within the Cannabis/Hemp plants are the same.
The two primary cannabinoid compounds of interest in recent times are THC and CBD. The cannabis and hemp plants also contain other beneficial cannabinoids such as CBC, CBN, and CBG.
Terpenes are also present in the plant which are aromatic compounds such as those found in essential oils such as eucalyptus, and lavender.
A study authored by cannabis researcher, Dr. Ethan Russo, suggested that cannabinoids and terpenes potentially work together when they enter the human body.
For example, the cannabinoids CBD and CBG have been found to inhibit the potentially fatal bacterial staph infection, MRSA.
A few more potential synergies detailed in Dr. Ethan Russo’s study include:
+The pine-scented terpene pinene may help counteract compromised memory caused by THC.
+A combination of CBD and the peppery terpene, carophyllene, may be beneficial in the treatment of addiction.
+CBD and the citrus-scented terpene limonene, might work together to alleviate anxiety.
+THC plus the cannabinoid CBN can potentially yield enhanced sedating effects.
In a 2010 study, patients with cancer pain were given either a pure THC extract or an extract containing near-equal levels of both THC and CBD—patients given the THC/CBD combo reported having less pain.
While the compounds found within cannabis plants continue to wow scientific researchers, the ‘entourage effect’ relates to how those compounds work together to provide optimal health in humans and mammals.